Pakistan india water dispute essay help

Pakistan is deeply dependent on those three western rivers and particularly the Indus. One Hindu worshipper and two policemen were injured during the incident. The war saw the first offensive operations undertaken by the Indian Navy against an enemy port, when Karachi harbour was attacked twice during Operation Trident and Operation Python.

In the teeming coastal capital city of Karachi population at least 18 million and already racked by endless sectarian violencemillions have no access to clean water, forcing many people to consume contaminated water.

Pakistan has long accused Afghanistan of harboring Baloch separatist rebels and attempting to sponsor separatist tendencies amongst its Pashtun and Baloch populations, going as far back as the s.

In Junethe foreign secretaries identified eight "outstanding issues" around which continuing talks would be focused. India and weapons of mass destructionPakistan and weapons of mass destructionand nuclear race India has a long history of development of nuclear weapons.

A lack of adequate storage reservoirs leads to enormous wastage of rainwater.

Why the India-Pakistan War Over Water Is So Dangerous

March The relations are locked in other territorial claims such as the Siachen Glacier and Kori Creek.

He also laid part of the blame on India for restricting water flow to Pakistan. While neither side has initiated projects that could cause the kind of conflict that the Commission was created to resolve, the annual inspections and exchange of data continue, unperturbed by tensions on the subcontinent.

Afghanistan—India relations and Afghanistan—Pakistan relations Afghanistan and Pakistan have had their own historic rivalry over their border, the Durand Linewhich numerous Afghan governments have refused to recognize as the border.

For Pakistan, the numbers are extremely grim. In addition, unregulated pesticides from farms are seeping into streams and groundwater. With India-Pakistan relations nearly on a war footing, threatening a course of action that risks humanitarian devastation could bring the subcontinental powder keg one dangerous step closer to exploding.

Ina mutual understanding was reached between the two countries in which each pledged not to attack nuclear facilities.

The metre-high controversial Nimoo-Bazgo hydroelectric project is being developed in the Leh district on the Indus River and it is a run-of-the-river power project on the Indus River situated in village Alchi, 70 kilometres from Leh.

India–Pakistan relations

It occurred on April 1,when East Punjab in India discontinued the flow of cannel waters to West Punjab that became a huge threat of dearth and loss of crops in West Punjab. Groundwater is what nations turn to when surface supplies are exhausted; it is the water source of last resort.

Environmentalists are gravely concerned that the presence of humans on glaciers in the Himalaya and Karakoram mountain ranges has accelerated glacial retreat in recent years.

India maintains a huge military machine in Occupied Kashmir, much larger than the United States and its allies, put together, have in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Why the India-Pakistan War Over Water Is So Dangerous

He said he was available to answer any charges. Pakistan has said that India violating the Indus Basin Treaty and warned the neighboring country it will contact the World Bank over the construction of Kishanganga Dam.

In reality, it likely filled Pakistan with fear. Salman Yousaf, deputy secretary of housing, urban development and public health engineering in Punjab province, said water was polluted by excessive groundwater pumping as well as by the presence of untreated wastes in tandem with aging water and sewage pipes.

What Are India And Pakistan Really Fighting About?

Pakistan was much worried about the situation. Pakistan had lodged a complaint in the court of arbitration that Indian bid to build Kishanganga dam was violation of World Bank brokered Indus Water Treaty of Poor planning is also a problem. The sole surviving gunman Ajmal Kasab who was arrested during the attacks was found to be a Pakistani national.

More Essay Examples on Pakistan Rubric Effective river basin management therefore necessitates that water users take into account the relationships, interaction and impact that their actions have on others, especially those downstream.

After the surrender of Pakistani forces, East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh. Neither side, however, was willing to compromise their respective positions and negotiations reached a stalemate.

According to recent figures from the International Monetary Fund, Pakistan is one of the most water-stressed countries in the world, with a per capita annual water availability of roughly 35, cubic feet — the scarcity threshold. From the Indian point of view, there was nothing that Pakistan could do to prevent India from any of the schemes to divert the flow of water in the rivers.

The Pakistani press was calling for more drastic action and the deadlock contributed to hostility with India. The Soviet-Afghan war turned out to be a stalemate with heavy casualties on all sides and costly for the Soviets.

Time magazine reported in that plans by India to build a dam structure at the mouth of Wular Lake, on the Jhelum River in Kashmir, to increase the flow of water to its farms during winter angered Pakistan.

It came 11 days after militants identified by India as members of the Pakistani terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed killed 18 soldiers on a military base in the town of Uri, in India-administered Kashmir.

Similarly, Pakistan has exclusive use of the Western Rivers Jhelum, Chenab and Indus but with some stipulations for development of projects on these rivers in India.

Such a shortage, Sher Ali warned, will spell catastrophe for Pakistan -- a nation already burdened by myriad other woes, including terrorism, political corruption, widespread poverty, and chronic power outages.

Although many Indians termed this appeasement, Nehru signed a pact with Liaquat Ali Khan that pledged both nations to the protection of minorities and creation of minority commissions. The India-Pakistan water conflict is an example of conflict arising from struggle from scarce resources.

Growing scarcity of water resources, increasing population and poor management of water resource in India and Pakistan has resulted in an increasing demand for water resources. Pakistan's water and power minister Asif reiterated that the treaty favors India by allowing it to block water and construct dams on rivers allocated to Pakistan.

As a result, Pakistan would. Argument Why the India-Pakistan War Over Water Is So Dangerous As New Delhi and Islamabad trade nuclear threats and deadly attacks, a brewing war over shared water resources threatens to turn up.

In addition to Pakistan, India also has signed a 30 year bilateral water sharing agreement with Bangladesh inbut the water crisis between the two states still persists. Thus a water stoppage by China would be a net loss for India, even if it diverts water from Pakistan (which India largely lacks the infrastructure to do at this time).

Pakistan considers Kashmir as the fundamental political dispute with India, where as India does not consider Kashmir as a dispute, in fact it considers it as its internal affair.

The world has accepted Kashmir as a disputed territory and as an international conflict that needs to be resolved.

Pakistan india water dispute essay help
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